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The following counterstamps commonly attributed to Mozambique are known to exist on Maria
||Counterstamp date according to|
|96||30||MR Monogram; always quite deep.
6.5-7 mm high, 8-9 mm wide.
|100||45||Crowned PM; P and M separated by a dot. Letters 1.75mm high; crown 6.5 x 4.4mm. Punch diameter is 8mm or more, depending on the application of the punch.||1888-94||1889||1888-95||1889||1888|
|101||unlisted||Crowned LM; L and M separated by a dot. Similar to Crowned PM countermark.||-||undated||1888-95||-||undated|
|99||58||Letters P and M; 4mm high in incuse oval. Punch diameter is approx. 7.5 x 6 mm.||1895-||1889-||1880-1900||1889-95||1895|
Brunk, Hafner, and KM associate the MR countermark with a decree dated May 28, 1767, which states that all crown-sized coins shall be marked with MR and a 4 (examples of a counterstamp with the 4 do not exist). Gibbs, in his article in The Numismatist, associates the MR counterstamp with the rule of Louis I (1861-90), and sets the countermark date to 1865-67. He refers to articles by J.M. Folgasa. Since the counterstamp is (as to my knowledge) only known to exist on coins struck 1779 or earlier, the association with the May 1767 decree seems to be more likely.
According to Brunk, only a single punch was used for the Crowned PM
countermark (Hafner 100). In KM, two different punches are shown on
different coins. For coins in my collection, four different
punches were used; the host coins for two of those punches are
post-1945 restrikes and therefore clearly forgeries.
Brunk, Hafner, and Gibbs associate the Crowned LM countermark (Hafner 101) with Lourenco (Lorenzo) Marques, supposedly a plantation owner in southern Mozambique. Lourenco Marques was also the name of a 16th century Portugese trader and explorer, and it is the old name of Maputo, the capital city of Mozambique. I have been unable to find a reference to a 19th century plantation owner with the same name, so the association with a plantation owner is questionable; L.M. might instead simply (and much more likely) refer to the name of the city.
|Dr. Eugen Merzbacher Nachf., Coin auction, Münzen und Medaillen aller Länder, Munich, November 7, 1904.||99||unknown||Maria Theresa Thaler 1780 with Mozambique counterstamp. The exact counterstamp type is not mentioned.|
|James Kelly, Mail auction sale; February 8, 1954||4905||100||Host coin is 1772 Taler.|
|James Kelly, Mail auction sale; February 8, 1954||4906||100||Host coin is 1780 Taler.|
|Schulman, September 1956, Remarkable Collection of Crowns of the World||1645||100||Also associates the "MR" countermark (as seen on Hafner 96) with Mozambique.|
|James Kelly, Auction sale; May 9-11, 1958||1986||100|
|James Kelly, Public and mail auction sale; September 12-13, 1958||1817||100||Same description as in May 1958 sale. Possibly unsold in above sale and relisted.|
|Schulman, January 1959, The Maguire Collection et al||1755||111||1780 Maria Theresa taler counterstamped with Portuguese arms for Mozambique. This refers to Hafner 111, which Hafner attributes to Madeira.|
|Schulman, April 1962, The Samuel Tatnall Collection et al||4654||100|
|Abner Kreisberg mail bid sale, June 1963||3187||100||Specifies "Ornate crown type", D-41|
|Schulman, November 1964, Richthofen, Gibbs et al||1468||100|
|Schulman, November 1965, The Arlow Collection||987||100|
|Schulman, November 1966, The Arlow Collection Part II||1316||99|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, November 1968||659||100||Several Browder style counterstamps in same sale, thus somewhat suspicious.|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, November 1968||661||100||Two counterstamps. Several Browder style counterstamps in same sale, thus somewhat suspicious.|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, November 1968||662||99||Several Browder style counterstamps in same sale, thus somewhat suspicious.|
|Schulman, May 1969, Frederico Diaz Lascano Collection, et al||724, 725, 727||99, 100||#725 and #727 are from the Browder collection; host coins are post-1945 strikes. Not genuine.|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, January 1970||3071||99||Several Browder style counterstamps in same sale, thus somewhat suspicious.|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, January 1970||3072||100||Several Browder style counterstamps in same sale, thus somewhat suspicious.|
|Schulman, November 1970, Universal Coin Auction||321||96||Host coin is a 1763 Hungary strike (Dav. 1132).|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, November 1972||2395||99, 100||Specimen with three counterstamps; two Hafner 99 and one Hafner 100.|
|Kreisberg - Cohen mail bid sale, November 1972||2396||99||Another specimen with three counterstamps, all Hafner 99.|
|Rosenblum, Mailbid sale 33C, May 2003||413||111||Rosenblum attributes this counterstamp to the Azores (the host coin in the Rosenblum sale is an 18th century Guenzburg strike).|