(This page uses CSS style sheets)
According to Joel Anderson, Coins of the Middle East,
and Hans Wilski, Countermarks on
Ottomark Coins, coins of the Ottoman Empire were counterstamped
by Husain ibn Ali at his mint in Mecca during and after World War I.;
The counterstamp was applied on the obverse side of the coins, over
the Ottoman Sultan's toughra, to obliterate and refute Ottoman rule in
Hejaz. This applies to 20 and 40 para Nickel coins struck in
Constantinople (KM 761, 766, 779, 828). Al-Hejaz counterstamps on
Ottoman Nickel coins are commonly considered authentic (except for
forgeries of the time). Two well defined and similar counterstamps were
The authenticy of silver coins with Al-Hejaz counterstamps is
doubtful. The Standard Catalog of World Coins (1991 edition) writes:
should be exercised in the purchase of any of the Hejaz countermarked
coins. The authenticy of most of the pieces on the market today is the
subject of controversy, particularly pieces other than the Maria
Theresa Talers from the Vienna Mint, the Turkish 20 Piastres and 10
Piastres of A.H. 1327, and the Turkish 20 and 40 Para nickel
pieces...Also the small 6mm size countermark is not believed to be
original. Any coin dating after 1923 with the countermark is most
Wilski concludes that all Hejaz counterstamps on
Maria Theresa Talers are modern forgeries, and he provides a number of
very compelling arguments to support this conclusion.
In Unusual World Coins, 4th edition, we find the following remark about Hejaz counterstamps on Maria Theresa Talers.
These spurious or questionable countermarks found on Maria Theresa restrike thalers appared in the numismatic market in the early 1970s. All are much larger than the official countermark. There does not appear to be any signs of heavy circulation wear on the reverse, merely flattened designs from the heavy countermarking.
Unusual World Coins lists five different countermarks, all different to the ones in my collection shown below.
||H63 (London, 1936-1961)
||H41 (Venice, 1840-1866)
||H60 (Vienna, 1945-1960)
||H60 (Vienna, 1945-1960)|
None of the Hejaz counterstamp variants in my collection is listed in the Wilski catalog, even though Wilski lists a total of nine variants, eight of which he identifies as forgeries.
Additional variants are listed in the Saudi Arabia section of Zeno - Oriental Coins Database. Most of those are identified as fake/forgeries on the site.
Hafner lists Hejaz counterstamps on Maria Theresa Talers as Hafner 121 and 123 to 130, sometimes together with Nejd counterstamps.
Unusual World Coins has the following remark about Nejd counterstamps on Maria Theresa talers and other coins.
Some crown-sized examples exist with both the "al-Hejaz" and "Nejd" countermarks. The authenticy of the silver countermarked coins has long been discussed, and it is likely that most were privately produced. Other host coins are considered local or spurious.
I have several Maria Theresa Thalers with Nejd counterstamp in
|H63 (London, 1936-1961)
|H63 (London, 1936-1963)
|H60 (Vienna, 1945-1960)
|H60 (Vienna, 1945-1960)
Obviously, all of those are not authentic.
None of the Nejd counterstamp variants in my collection are listed by Hafner or Wilski. Hafner lists four variants (H122, H124, H125, and H126). Wilski lists five variants, all of which he identifies as forgeries. This indicates that the number of Nejd counterstamp variants is very high.